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The fault phenomena of rolling bearings are generally manifested in two kinds
发布时间:2021-09-02浏览次数:0

The fault phenomenon of rolling bearings is generally manifested as two kinds. One is that the temperature of the bearing installation part is too high, and the other is that there is noise in the operation of the bearing. 1. The bearing temperature is too high. When the mechanism is running, the part where the bearing is installed is allowed to have a certain temperature. The reasons for high bearing temperature are: lubricating oil quality does not meet the requirements or deterioration, lubricating oil viscosity is too high; The assembly of the mechanism is too tight (insufficient clearance); Bearing assembly is too tight; The bearing seat ring rotates on the shaft or in the shell; Excessive load; Bearing cage or rolling body fracture, etc. 2. Bearing noise Rolling bearings are allowed to have slight running noise at work. If the noise is too large or there is abnormal noise or crash, it indicates that the bearing has failure. Rolling bearings produce noise for more complex reasons, one is the bearing inner and outer ring mating surface wear. As a result of this wear, the bearing and the shell, the bearing and the shaft of the relationship, resulting in axis deviation from the correct position, in the shaft at high speed when the movement of abnormal sound. When the bearing fatigue, its surface metal spalling, will also increase the radial clearance of the bearing to produce abnormal sound. In addition, insufficient bearing lubrication, the formation of dry friction, and bearing crushing will produce abnormal sound. Bearing wear loose, cage loose damage, will also produce abnormal sound. When the rolling bearing is disassembled and inspected, the fault and damage cause of the bearing can be judged according to the damage of the bearing. 1. The raceway surface of metal spalling bearing rolling body and raceway surface of inner and outer rings are subjected to periodic pulsating load, resulting in periodic change of contact stress. When the number of stress cycles reaches a certain value, fatigue spalling occurs on the working surface of the rolling body or inner and outer raceway. If the bearing load is too large, this fatigue will be aggravated. In addition, bearing installation is not correct, shaft bending, will also produce raceway peeling phenomenon. Fatigue spalling of bearing raceway will reduce the running accuracy of shaft and cause vibration and noise of mechanism. 2. Bearing burns The raceway and rolling body of the burned bearing have backfire color. The cause of burns is generally insufficient lubrication, lubricating oil quality does not meet the requirements or deterioration, and bearing assembly is too tight. 3. Uneven pits appear on the contact surface of the raceway and roller of the plastic deformation bearing, indicating that the bearing produces plastic deformation. The reason is that the local stress of the working surface of the bearing exceeds the yield limit of the material under the action of very large static load or impact load, which generally occurs in low-speed rotating bearings. 4. Bearing seat ring crack Bearing seat ring crack may be caused by bearing fit is too tight, bearing foreign or inner ring loose, bearing inclusion deformation, poor surface processing of mounting bearings. 5. The reasons for cage breakage are insufficient lubrication, broken rolling body, skewed seat ring, etc. 6. The metal of the cage may adhere to the rolling body because the rolling body is stuck in the cage or not lubricated enough. 7. Serious wear on the raceway of the seat ring may be caused by falling into the foreign body in the seat ring, insufficient lubricating oil or inappropriate lubricating oil brand.

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